African Law Reporter

The urgency for reform of the political structures to instill good governance in Africa cannot be underestimated because the number of countries in conflict situations and those, which have experienced violent changes of Government in Africa, is staggering. At the dawn of this millennium, much of sub-Saharan Africa is devoured by warfare. Currently almost two-thirds of its countries are embattled and paralyzed. There are, at least, 18 countries engaged in one armed conflict or another, or experiencing civil strife (Category 1); 13 countries under severe political crisis and turbulence (Category 2), if you add to this list two previously stable countries (Zimbabwe and Côte d’Ivoire). This leaves only 17 countries enjoying relative stable Political conditions (Category 3).